Location: Greece is located in south eastern Europe and borders Turkey to its East, Bulgaria, FYROM and Albania to its North

Geographical coordinates:

Latitude: from 34 50' to 41 50' N - Longitude: from 19 30' to 29 40' E


Time Zone: Eastern European Standard Time (EEST) = GMT+2. The Daylight Savings Time (GMT+3) in Greece begins at 3 a.m. on the last Sunday of March and ends at 4 a.m. on the last Sunday of October. The current time in Greece


Culture: Greece has a long and rich cultural history whose evolution has proven especially influential in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East.

Greek culture had its beginnings thousands of years ago in Ancient Greece and has been influenced by the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and finally, modern times.

Furthermore, Greece's unique influences include the novel ideas and cultures of the many travelers who have passed through the country because of its geographical position as a crossroad between the East and the West. These rich influences are part of why the Greeks have been considered always open minded with a particular ability for combining the past with newer ideas and innovations.

It is not therefore by chance that Greece came to be considered the cradle of Western civilisation with its timeless contributions to philosophy, astronomy, science, and the arts.

Country Name:
conventional long form: Hellenic Republic
conventional short form: Greece
local short form: Ellas or Ellada
local long form: Elliniki Dhimokratia


Weather:The climate in Greece is typical of the Mediterranean climate: mild winters, relatively warm and dry summers and generally, extended periods of sunshine throughout most of the year. Long stretches of consecutive rainy days are infrequent in Greece, even during the winter and cloudy skies do not last more than 2 or 3 days in a row, which gives the country a great privilege in comparison to many other regions of the world. Furthermore, the heavy winter period is often interrupted during January and the first fortnight of February, by sunny spring days, a phe-nomenon known since the ancient times as the "halcyon days". During summer the high temperatures are tempered by fresh sea breezes in the coastal areas of the country and from the north winds blowing mainly in the Aegean.


Political structure: Greece is a parliamentary republic in which the prime minister and the government hold executive powers. The president is elected by the 300-member parliament to serve a five-year term. The government must have the support of parliament to hold office. Greece joined the European Community, now the EU, in 1981 and became a member of the economic and monetary union at the start of 2001. Prime Minister's Office

Religion: The main religion is christianity (orthodoxy, the Orthodox Church of Greece is the official church)


Passport/Visa: Passport and visa requirements vary from country to country. For details please click here


Country Code: GR

Language: Greek

Currency: Euro

Electric power: 220V, 50Hz

Internet Country Code: .gr

International Dialing Code: +30

Population (2001): 10.964.020

Capital: Athens

Click on the map to enlarge

Administrative regions: Greece is divided into 13 administrative divisions, named "Peripheries" (Regions):

Eastern Macedonia & Thrace, Central Macedonia, Western Macedonia, Epirus

Thessaly, Ionian Islands, Western Greece, Central Greece, Attica, Peloponnese, Northern Aegean Sea, Southern Aegean Sea, Crete


The next level of administrative division is the "Prefecture". There are 54 Prefectures in total, and one self-governed territorial division (Agion Oros, in Mount-Athos).


Local Communes are named either "Municipality" or "Commune". There are in total 900 Municipalities and 133 Communes.

Last update: 14 March 2010

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